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成考英语作文常用段落结构

发布时间:2020-03-27



1、图画/图表描述

 

示例一

 

① From the picture (graph, chart, table, pie,bar), we know that (图表内容总槪括).

 

② On the one hand, theleft/firstpicture tells us that__(情况二,图一/表一的内容).

 

③ On the other hand, (the right/second)pictureinforms usthat__(情况二,图二/表二的内容).

 

④It can easily beseen that__(揭示图画/表寓意).

 

示例二

 

① As is vividly shown/described/depicted in thecartoon/picture.___(图表内容总概括).

 

② ln the firstpicture.___ (描述图/表一内容,如果是一个表,则可左或上半部分).

 

③ Asis shown in theseconddrawing/picture,___ (描述图/表二内容,如果是一个表,则右或下半部分).

 

④ It is safe to draw the conclusionthat____ (提示寓意,或主题句,回应主题但不是主题句的重复).

 

2、意义阐述

 

示例一

 

① Judgingfrom the pictures, we can clearly infer that the drawer' s intention is (主题句).

 

②(扩展句).

 

② For one thing/Firstof all/Firstly,(第一个层面).

 

③ For another/Besides/Moreover/ln addition/Secondly,(第二个层面).

 

④Thus/As aresult/Therefore/Finally,___ (总结句).

 

示例二

 

① To begin with, the purpose of thedrawings is to show usthat____ (主题句),yet the symbolic meaningssubtly conveyed should be taken more seriously.

 

② (扩展句)isnaturally associated with, to bespecific___ (第一个层面).

 

③ Besides/Moreover/ln addition, ___(第二个层面).

 

④ Asaresult/Therefore,___ (总结句).

 

3、原因阐释

 

示例一

 

① There are many reasons responsiblefor this phenomenon/case/instance and the following are the typicalones.

 

② The first reason is that___(理由一).

 

③ Thesecond reason is that___(理由二).

 

④ The thirdreason is that/A case in point is that/The typical example isthat___(理由三).

 

示例二

 

① There are manyreasons to explain/explaining the effect/phenomenon/case/instance.

 

② The most contributing oneis/the main reason is no other than___(理由一).

 

③ What is more,____(理由二).

 

④___(理由三)also play a role in thiscase.

 

4、建议措施段

 

示例一

 

① Consideringall these reasons/this situation/Confronted with such a problem, I think weneed to take some positivemeasures.

 

② On the onehand,___(方法/建议一).

 

③ On the other hand, it is necessary for us to ___(方法/建议二).

 

④ Thus /Only in this way, can___(总结自己的观点/建议/态度).

 

示例二

 

① ln order to improve the situation/To sum up theabove argument/Confronted with such an issue/problem, we should find severalsolutions to it/need to take some positive measures.

 

② On the one hand/For one thing, weshould ___(方法/建议一).

 

② the other hand/Foranother,___(方法/建议二).

 

④ Therefore/Thus/Only in this way, can____(段落总结句).

 

5、趋势预测

 

示例一

 

① Accordingly, it is vital for us to derive positive implicationsfrom these though-provoking drawings.

 

② On the one hand, we can frequently use them to enlightenthat___(主题).

 

③ On the other hand,we should besensible enough to___(观点/态度)

 

④ Only by___(段落总结句),and only in this way canwe have a brilliant future.

 

示例二

 

① The effects of which has produced on can be boiled down to twomajor ones.

 

② First,(影响一).

 

③ Moreimportantly,___(影响二).

 

④ Hence, I believethat we will see a___ (捉出展望)Nevertheless,Ido not think we will see a___(或反面展望).

 

6、举例说明

 

示例一

 

① Thereare many cases/examples toexplain___(主题句).

 

② Take as a typicalexamplehttp://www.kaoyan.com/yingyu/jingyan/The firstexample is that___ (阐述例子),___(可进一步阐述).

 

③The second example is that/ln addition/Here is a counter examplehttp://www.kaoyan.com/yingyu/jingyan/Oppositecase inpoint isthat/On the contrary (第二个例子的内容或牮一个反面例子).

 

④Therefore,/Only can___(总结主题句 /段落总结句).

 

示例二

 

① ___(观点句)? It can be best/well illustratedin/explained by(例子).

 

② ___(阐述例子).

 

③ ___(进一步阐述例子).

 

④ Therefore, ___(段落总结句:进一步总结观点句的必要性和重要性).

 

7、观点阐释

 

示例一

 

① Nowadays, a heated debate about___(主题) is under way in China.

 

② A close inspection of this argumentwould reveal how flimsy (groundless) it is.

 

③ Asa matter offact,___(进一步说明).

 

示例二

 

① While the rhythm/pace/tempo of people' s living isspeeding up, one of the topics many city residents arediscussingis___(主题).

 

② As part of domesticmodernization, needs to be developed urgently in china,for___(进一步说明).

 

8、利弊说明段

 

示例一

 

① Recently the issue of whether or not___(讨论话通) has been in the limelight and has aroused wide concern in thepublic.

 

② There are two major arguments that can be made for.

 

③ For one thing, canbring to (优点一).

 

④ For another, it is widely hold that people usually when (优点二).

 

⑤ But we mustnot lose sight of the fact that there are also drawbacks to, among which are____(列举缺点).

 

⑥ For instance,itcan be to (举例说明).

 

⑦ In addition,many people find it (形容词)to (第二个缺点).

 

示例二

 

① Some people are in favor of the idea ofdoing___(主题).

 

② They point out the factthat___ (支持的笫一个原因).

 

③ They also arguethat___(支持的另一个原因).

 

④ There might besome element of truth in these people’ s belief.

 

⑤ However, other people stand on adifferent ground.

 

⑥ They consider it harmful to do .

 

⑦ They firmly point out that___(反对的理由).

 

9、归纳结论段

 

示例一

 

① Judging from these figures, we can draw theconclusionthat___(得出结论)

 

② The reason forthis, as far as I am concerned is that___(给出原因).

 

③ It is hightime that we___(发出倡议).

 

示例二

 

①Taking into account of all these factors, we mayreach theconclusionthat___(结论).

 

②And with theabovecontent itwill show more profound significance in___(进一步总结).

 

10、现象/现状说明段

 

示例一

 

① Withthe rapid advances of in recent years,has___(引出现象).

 

② However,has,as___(提出问题).

 

③ As a result,___(指出影响),which has arouseddose social attention from all walks of life.

 

示例二

 

① Withthe rapid development of science and technology (electronic industry/highereducation), more and more people cometo realize that___(引出现象).

 

② It is estimated, overthe past decade, that___(用具体数据说明现象)



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